America’s 20th Century Nuclear Defensive Battlements
After the Second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union faced off in a global arms race that brought the world to the brink of nuclear destruction. For the first time in over 100 years, the US faced the real possibility of an attack on our shores from long range Russian bombers carrying atomic weapons. As part of the defense of our borders, the US Army set up surface-to-air Nike missile batteries where radar-guided missiles would provide a “Ring of Steel” around our major cities and industrial centers.
The first Nike missile batteries went online in the mid 1950’s and many. The first Nike’s armed with nuclear warheads where added a few years later. In 1974 the Army discontinued the program because Nike missiles became obsolete when ICBM missiles became the main weapon of choice for delivering nuclear destruction.
Many of these Nike batteries were demolished or converted to other uses, however, many also remained abandoned until recently as they are now starting to be redeveloped.